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Delhi topples Mumbai as maximum city|
Contributed by Anonymous on Wednesday, October 19 @ 22:54:43 CDT
Rukmini Shrinivasan & Hemali Chhapia, TNN | Oct 20, 2011
NEW DELHI/MUMBAI: The urban agglomeration
(UA) of Delhi has for the first time overtaken that of Mumbai, a TOI
analysis of just-released census data shows. Close to 22 million people
now live in Delhi's extended urban sprawl, while Mumbai's sprawl is home
to just under 21 million.
The census defines a UA as
"a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining
outgrowths". However, while the census office uses data across districts
to designate an urban agglomeration, it does not go across state lines,
leading to a misleading situation in which the Delhi UA does not
include several major satellites.
TOI added Noida, Greater
Noida, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Faridabad to the Delhi UA population to
arrive at a figure of 21.7 million people in the capital's UA. It is
these satellites, in fact, which tell the real story because some of
them more than doubled their numbers in the past decade, driving Delhi's
Mumbai UA's population in 2011 stands at 18.4
million, according to the latest census data, and even if satellite
areas that are not included-like Vasai-Virar, Panvel, Bhiwandi and Navi
Mumbai-Panvel-Raigad-are counted, the financial capital's UA still adds
up to 20.7 million people.
If relatively the same satellites
are added to 2001 data, the Delhi UA was still smaller than Mumbai a
decade ago-15.5 million to Mumbai's 16.6 million-showing that the change
has taken place in the last 10 years. Kolkata was listed by the census
in 2001 to be the second biggest Indian UA with 13.2 million people; in
fact it was the third biggest city both then and now. The Kolkata UA now
has 14.1 million people.
The big three-known as " megacities"
since they have populations of over 10 million-remain a long way ahead
of the rest of India's big cities. About 15% of India's total urban
population lives in these three cities alone. But along with the rest of
the country, population growth is slowing down in these cities too,
more so for Kolkata and Mumbai. Delhi is also slowing down, but it still
added over 5 million people-a third of its 2001 size-in the past 10
The Chennai UA, which remains the fourth biggest, is
less than half the size of Mumbai or Delhi. The Bangalore UA has knocked
Hyderabad off the fifth position and is now almost as large as Chennai;
8.5 million to Chennai's 8.7 million, closing a gap of almost a million
that existed in the last census.
S Parasuraman, director of
the Mumbai-based Tata Institute of Social Sciences, attributed this to
the "economic activities in these centres. They have improved
significantly". Comparing the cost of living in Mumbai and Bangalore, he
said, "The cost of a house in the heart of Bangalore is the same as the
cost of a similar-sized house in Dombivli on the outskirts of Mumbai."
Overall, there are now 53 cities of million-plus people as compared to
35 in 2001 and 43% of India's urban population lives in them. Among the
new cities on this list is Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir's first
million-plus city. Rapidly urbanizing Kerala has added six new
million-plus cities to Kochi, its only such city in 2001, and Jharkhand
now has three where it had none. Orissa, on the other hand, has not a
single million-plus city, like the entire north-east.
a quarter of a billion people live in just 468 Indian cities known as
Class I cities, each having a population greater than 1 lakh.
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